Fibromyalgia is a common disease that affects approximately one in thirty Indians. This disease, particularly present in women, causes dysregulation of the pain mechanisms on a daily basis, giving rise to more or less intense episodes of pain and fatigue.
Physiotherapy can play an important role in the treatment of this disease, especially in improving the living conditions of people who have it.
Fibromyalgia: causes still unknown
Although fibromyalgia is a known disease, its causes have not yet been explained. This disease causes chronic muscle pain in people who have it, but there is no visible lesion in the muscles to understand them. However, certain plausible factors are currently taken into account by researchers:
- physiological abnormalities of the nervous system;
- genetic factors;
- one or more periods of intense stress.
If the causes of fibromyalgia are still not understood, the symptoms of this disease are well known.
Everyday fatigue, also called chronic fatigue, rises to the top of the list of symptoms. The person may suffer from a lack of sleep or feel that their sleep is not restful (feeling of tiredness upon waking). Persistent and intense pain also has a strong impact on fatigue.
Chronic pain is also an important symptom of this disease. There are two types of pain:
- irregular and diffuse muscle pain that causes tension throughout the body, which can be accompanied by stiffness upon waking and pain when touched in certain places and sometimes even on the whole body. The neck and shoulders are usually the first painful spots, followed by the back, chest, arms, and legs;
- constant pain that varies depending on the physical activity and emotional state of the individual.
Other less characteristic symptoms may also be added. We then talk about headaches (migraines), anxiety, depression, difficulty concentrating, irritable bowel syndrome, irritable bladder or even increased sense of acuity.
The benefits of physiotherapy on the daily life of people with fibromyalgia
To date, there is no treatment recognized as being 100% effective. However, it has been proven that an interdisciplinary approach and a strong involvement of the patient in his treatment prove to be very effective in combating the disease.
- the reduction of tensions;
- improving endurance to daily activities (life and work);
- resumption of physical activity;
- the release of certain joints;
- pain management.
Its objective is to give back control of his life (at the physical level) to the person affected.
So, to make a difference, a collaboration between the physiotherapy professional and his patient is crucial. The physiotherapist must understand the reality of the patient and try to define daily goals that can motivate him. The physiotherapist also suggests working to set simple goals that will allow the patient to quickly see results.
In addition, according to a physiotherapy doctor in Dwarka, the RPG approach is excellent for treating fibromyalgia since it makes it possible to make small differences in the daily lives of people with Alzheimer’s. This active approach allows the patient to become aware of the situation of his body in space while helping him to identify the movements that cause or intensify his pain. It is, therefore, easier for him to modify his posture and movements to reduce his pain, regain confidence and optimize his standard of living.
Since each case is different and there is no single treatment, the physiotherapist in Janakpuri may use different methods that take into account the physical capacity and emotional state of each individual. Here are some of the methods that can be used:
- stretching of the muscle chains to reduce tension;
- adapted physical training;
- exercises to modify the perception of the body in space;
- water exercises;
- exercises to do at home to help you resume daily tasks and physical activity.