Understanding by shoulder the set of joints that combine tendons and muscles that give the movement of the arm, we find several injuries among athletes in this area of the body.
All injuries of the shoulder joint complex can be grouped into 4 categories: fracture, osteoarthritis, instability, and inflammation of the tendon. Among these large groups, the most frequent injuries among people who practice sports either amateur or professional are:
- Shoulder tendinitis. For an involvement of the infraspinatus and supraspinatus tendon, which may be due to overexertion or trauma. The main symptom that appears is a loss of mobility along with acute pain.
- Swimmer ‘s shoulder. It is due to subacromial impingement syndrome, it is mainly related to the practice of crol. Its causes are due to high training frequencies, poor technique, repetitive movements, among others.
- Rotator cuff tear. As the name implies, it occurs when a tendon or more of those that form the rotator cuff suffer a rupture, either partial or total. Its symptoms are similar to shoulder tendinopathy, suffering from weakness in the arm, deep pain and hindering tasks that cause movement of the shoulder.
- Broken collarbone. This injury is usually caused by a fall in sports such as snowboarding, skateboarding, cycling …
In order to treat these injuries, it is important to apply ice to the area, perform a rest period that will be different depending on the person and the type of injury and perform a compression with a bandage. After the rest period, it will be very important to perform light exercise to start returning to the sports routine.